How to Install Moodle on Ubuntu 16.04

r00t December 18, 2017

Install Moodle on Ubuntu 16.04

In this tutorial we’ll learn how to install Moodle on Ubuntu 16.04. We will also install and configure its prerequisites. Moodle (acronym of Modular-object-oriented dynamic learning environment) is a free and open source learning management system built to provide teachers, students and administrators single personalized learning environment.

I recommend to use a minimal Ubuntu server setup as a basis for the tutorial, that can be a virtual or a root server image with an Ubuntu 16.04 minimal install from a web hosting company or you use our minimal server tutorial to install a server from scratch.

Install Moodle on Ubuntu 16.04

Step 1. First, ensure your system and apt package lists are fully up-to-date by running the following:

apt-get update -y
apt-get upgrade -y
apt-get install git-core graphviz aspell -y

Step 2. Installing LAMP on Ubuntu 16.04.

You should check out this LAMP stack install tutorial for Ubuntu 16.04, if you haven’t installed LAMP yet. Once it’s installed, come back here and read on. We also will install the required packages for LAMP stack and the important PHP extension that Moodle relies on:

apt-get install php7.0-mysql php7.0-curl php7.0-json php7.0-cgi php7.0 libapache2-mod-php7.0 php7.0-mcrypt php7.0-gd php7.0-mbstring php7.0-zip php7.0-dom php7.0-xml

Step 3. Installing Moodle.

Next, you will need to download the latest stable version of the Moodle. You can download it with the following command:

cd /var/www/html/
git clone

Go to the ‘/moodle’ directory and check all available branches:

cd moodle/
git branch -a

Select the latest stable version and run the following command to tell git which branch to track or use:

git branch --track MOODLE_34_STABLE origin/MOODLE_34_STABLE

You can check the version of Moodle that was installed by using the following command:

git checkout MOODLE_34_STABLE

Switched to branch 'MOODLE_34_STABLE'
Your branch is up-to-date with 'origin/MOODLE_34_STABLE'.

Next, Create a directory for the Moodle data:

mkdir /var/moodledata

Now just set the right permissions for the folders:

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/moodle
chown www-data:www-data /var/moodledata

Step 4. Create a database for Moodle.

Next, we need to create a database for the Moodle installation:

mysql -uroot -p

Run the following command to create a database for Moodle:

MariaDB> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON moodle.* TO 'moodleuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD';
MariaDB> exit

Step 5. Configure Apache web server for Moodle.

For this you can take the default config as a template:

cp /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf /etc/apache2/sites-available/moodle.conf

Now edit the currently created Config as follows:

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/moodle.conf

Modify the virtual host file for your Moodle site to resemble the example below:

<VirtualHost my-domain.tld:80>

ServerName my-domain.tld
ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/moodle

<Directory /var/www/html/moodle/>
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride All

ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error-moodle.log
CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access-moodle.log combined

Now just activate the newly created Config, mod_rewrite and SSL:

sudo a2ensite moodle.conf && sudo a2enmod SSL && sudo a2enmod rewrite

Finally, reload the web server as suggested, for the changes to take effect:

systemctl restart apache2

Step 6. Accessing Moodle.

Now you can access the Moodle web install wizard in your browser by entering the domain name or http://your_ip/ to continue your Moodle installation.

Congratulation’s! You have successfully install and configured Moodle on your Ubuntu 16.04 server. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Moodle open source learning system on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) system.

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